In the 1920s, astronomer Edwin Hubble arrived at Mount Wilson Observatory where they had just completed manufacturing a reflecting telescope measuring one hundred inches. Hubble took numerous photos of spiral nebulae. The sheer vastness of our universe astonished him and prompted him to find out more about it. As he gazed into the telescope through the “red shift” of the numerous distant galaxies he noticed that planets, galaxies and their countless stars were expanding away from each other at an incredible speed. This expansion can be likened to what happens to two dots placed on a balloon that is being inflated. The space of the balloon is expanding and so is the distance between the dots. The bigger the balloon gets the farther apart the dots grow. Hubble and the scientific community realized for the first time that the idea that we live in a stagnant, motionless, and unchanging universe was fallacious. The expansion of the universe also repudiated the idea that the universe is infinite. On the contrary, a reversal of this process in time would inevitably lead to a common moment of origin or singularity for our universe (sounds familiar? “In the beginning God,” Genesis 1:1). What Hubble saw were galaxies and planets hurtling and racing away from each other as if they had been flung by a tremendously explosive, force. Astrophysicists hypothesize that the moment of singularity was a time of explosion when our universe came into existence. Steven Weinberg, an atheist physicist, commented that, “The universe was filled with light [which] formed a dominant constituent of the universe.” Weinberg did not know that his comment was consistent with the Genesis succinct account of creation when God called light into being and set the stage for His creative work. Hubble saw a roar of our God’s creative genius. D’ Souza claims that Hubble’s discovery is also consistent with the second Law of Thermodynamics which states that everything tends to increase in entropy; that left to themselves all things, all matter grows old and falls apart. This is what we see all around us every day. Buildings become dilapidated and collapse, our clothes wear away and tear, people grow old and die. For the believer, this is not a new concept. The Bible stated it over 3,000 years ago: “Lift up your eyes to the heavens, And look on the earth beneath. For the heavens will vanish away like smoke, The earth will grow old like a garment, And those who dwell in it will die in like manner;” (Isa. 51:6 NKJV).
Dinesh D’Souza (2008). What’s So Great about Christianity? Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.
A pulsar is a highly magnetised neutron star, with a radius of 10-15 km, having somewhat greater mass than the Sun which has a radius of approximately 1 million km. Radiation is beamed out along the magnetic poles and pulses of radiation are received as the beam crosses the Earth, in the same manner.