When scholars rejected the theory of gradualism as the explanation for how life came to be on earth and criticized it for not being founded on observational evidence, macroevolutionists developed another theory known as Punctuated Equilibria. Punctuated Equilibria mainly attempts to explain why species in the fossil record do not show any transitional form from one species to another. The second reason for developing the theory of punctuated equilibria was to attempt to explain the sudden appearance of new life forms in the fossil record that were not preceded by any steady transformation of their so-called ancestors.
Proponents of punctuated equilibria insist that there were times, during the process of macroevolution, when some species showed very little change, but changes were actually taking place in the organisms’ genes, imperceptibly. These changes, were largely orchestrated by environmental pressure, and are alleged to have occurred over an extended period of time. These changes were allegedly followed by sudden bursts or punctuations of the life forms, transforming them into completely new species. This explanation is an attempt to answer questions raised about the gaps found in the fossil record-the significant fissures or gaps so evident in the macroevolutionary phylogenetic tree. Both gradualism and punctuated equilibrium as explanations of macroevolution have been repudiated by some scholars and theologians as mere speculations without any observational scientific evidence.
After evaluating the theory of evolution, Dr. James Coppedge from the Center for Probability Research in Biology in California, found that it was at variance with the science of probability. The article by Kevin Martin states that Dr. Coppedge “applied all the laws of probability studies to the possibility of a single cell coming into existence by chance. He considered in the same way a single protein molecule, and even a single gene. His discoveries are revolutionary. He computed a world in which the entire crust of the earth – all the oceans, all the atoms, and the whole crust were available. He then had these amino acids bind at a rate one and one-half trillion times faster than they do in nature. In computing the possibilities, he found that to provide a single protein molecule by chance combination would take 10, to the 262nd power, years…To get a single cell – the single smallest living cell known to mankind – which is called the mycroplasm hominis H39, would take 10, to the 119,841st power, years. That means that if you took thin pieces of paper and wrote 1 and then wrote zeros after (it), you would fill up the entire known universe with paper before you could ever even write that number. That is how many years it would take to make one living cell, smaller than any human cell!”1
Contemplate on that for a moment!
Then there is the Second Law of Thermodynamics which states that although the total amount of energy in the universe has remained constant, yet the amount of usable energy is continuing to decrease, and cannot be reused.2 This trend of events ultimately leads to decay. This is contrary to claims by evolutionists who insist that organisms are actually advancing and becoming better through mutation. These arguments are just the tip of the iceberg as far as this debate is concerned.
But why should anyone bother about such arguments? Because the attack against the tenets of the Christian faith is becoming intensely sophisticated. It is getting more shrill and militant. The findings of a study by the Higher Education Research Institute at UCLA indicates that after 3 years of college, 23% of students stop attending religious services,3 and 59% of freshmen who had indicated they were born again Christians when they first entered college could no longer say so after 4 years in college.4 This means that we need to prepare our children to be able to defend their faith and not be intimidated by individuals using academic jargon to try and repudiate it.
Scripture warns us to “Be careful that nobody spoils your faith through intellectualism or high-sounding nonsense. Such stuff is at best founded on men’s ideas of the nature of the world and disregards Christ!” (Colossians 2:8, Phillips Version).
1 Kevin Martin (n.d.). 17 Evidences against Evolution. Accessed from http://www.jesus-is-savior.com/Evolution%20Hoax/evidences.htm
3 Preliminary Findings on Spiritual Development and the College Experience: A Longitudinal Analysis (2000–2003). Online article from http://spirituality.ucla.edu/docs/results/pilot/Longitudinal_00-03.pdf
4 John Stonestreet & Chuck Edwards (2015). Students Abandoning the Faith: Why It Happens and What We Can Do. Online Article from http://www.summit.org/resources/essays/students-abandoning-the-faith/