From Non-Life to Life?
Mathematicians and astronomers who are researching how life began in our universe continue to expend considerable time and other resources to find out how all this began in our universe outside of Intelligent Design. Using the Law of Specificity which measures the level of order in a given system, some of these individuals have tried to establish the probability of biological life arising from mere natural forces. Findings by some mathematicians engaged in the same research such as Marcel Schultzenberger have denied the feasibility of mutations randomly producing life. Schultzenberger claims that the odds of random mutations evolving into complex biological life are 10-10,000. Similarly, astronomers Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe claim that the probability that life could have originated from non-life through random mutations is 10-40,000
In the discipline of science all scientific conclusions should be based on probability. That is to say, there must be a level of probability that a given cause could have triggered or produced a subsequent effect. Now, the figure 1040,000 is larger than the number of atoms in our universe which is 1080. As such, any figure outside the realm of 1080 claiming that life sprang from non-life is less than the probability of finding one single atom in our entire universe. Furthermore, it is reported that the rule of thumb in physics is such that when the probability of the occurrence of one event is reduced to below 1/1050 it has reached the realm of the impossible. In a nutshell, there is no way life could have emerged from non-life through random mutations.
 Norman Geisler & Peter Bocchino (2001). Unshakable Foundations: Contemporary Answers to Crucial Questions about the Christian Faith. Bethany House Publishers. Bloomington, Minnesota. pp. 132-133
 Lane P. Lester & Raymond G. Bohlin. Natural Limits to Biological Change; In Norman Geisler & Peter Bocchino (2001). Unshakable Foundations: Contemporary Answers to Crucial Questions about the Christian Faith. Bethany House Publishers. Bloomington, Minnesota. pp. 133