So to start off my blog I thought I’d do a quick recap of the Basic Ethical ideas that underpin Medical Ethics and the Four principles of medical ethics.
There are three basic Medical Ethics ideas:
> Consequentialism /Utilitarianism
> Virtue ethics
Actions are right or wrong in themselves
One must balance rights and duties
One can only act on maxims which we can will as universal law without contradiction
Righteousness of an action is determined by the goodness of the consequences it brings
The end justifies the means
About maximising good
Whether an action is right or wrong depends primarily on the virtues or vices shown in performing the action.
The Four Principles of Medical Ethics
1.Respect for Autonomy
Patients should be able to make informed and voluntary decisions giving an independence of decision
Basis of ‘informed consent’