The Golden Ratio also known as the Golden Mean and Divine Proportion has been a topic of fascination and debate for millennia. The Golden ratio is approximately 1.618. Its influence goes all the way back to 500 BC when it is reported that a Greek Sculptor adopted it in designing the Parthenon. Plato discussed it in his “Timaeus” and postulated that it was “the most binding of all mathematical relationships and the key to the physics of the cosmos.” Euclid’s definition of it gave it the term the Golden Mean. The Egyptians are said to have constructed the dimensions of their pyramids using the Golden Ratio and Leonardo Da Vinci’s paintings are said to exhibit the Golden Ratio. Ancient Pythagoreans believed that the Golden Ratio expressed an underlying truth about all creation; animate and inanimate. Leonardo Fibonacci, discovered the unusual numerical values and series that bear his name and were eerily connected to the Golden Ratio.
So what is the big deal about the Golden Ratio? Well some believe that it is the Creator’s signature throughout His creation; His insignia. It is a ratio that seems to be intricately woven in all creation in one way or other. This ratio is observed in creation by examining the special numerical sequence known as the Fibonacci numbers: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144 etc. In this sequence, each new number is a sum total of the previous two numbers. The ratio between most of the numbers in the above sequence reflects the Golden Mean.
Fred Wilson, writing for The Institute for Creation Research, makes very interesting observations about the spiral characteristic of common shells, particularly the chambered nauticulus. The shell retains its identical form even as it gets larger. The body of the organism grows in the equiangular and logarithmic path of the spiral which remains the same. This beautiful structure is often known as the ‘golden spiral.’ This spiral is not limited to shells. It can also be observed in myriad other phenomena. For example, it characterizes hurricanes, the cochlea of the human eye, the DNA molecule, tornadoes, galaxies, the human ear, sunflower patterns, daisies, and the shape of the ears of other mammals…etc. This spiral follows an amazing mathematical pattern. A typical illustration of the same can be observed in the sunflower plant. A typical sunflower plant has rows of florets and seeds. When the rows of these florets and seeds are counted in each direction the numbers representing their sum total reveal a Fibonacci sequence indicated above; whether the plant is small or large. In small sunflower plants the sum totals are 34 and 55. In medium plants the sum totals are 55 and 89 and in large plants the totals are 89 and 144. Dividing the smaller number into the larger number that is adjacent to it often yields the Golden Ratio: 1.618. Furthermore, physicists tell us that four fundamental asymmetries appear in the world of atoms. These are the structure of the nucleus of the atom, the distribution of the fission fragments, the distribution of the numbers of the isotopes, and the distribution of the particles emitted. What is significantly stunning about all this is the claim made by Wlodarski that “the numerical values of all of these asymmetries are equal approximately to the `golden ratio,’ and that the numbers forming these values are sometimes Fibonacci or `near’ Fibonacci numbers.” When we remember that all physical things are made of atoms….and other elements, this becomes even more astonishing. God indeed seems to have His signature on all His creation.